Présentations Colloques

Oral Presentation
5.02
Session 5.02: Groundwater and global change
Klingbeil Ralf (Lebanon)
Groundwater for Sustainable Development in the MENA Region
A year ago, in September 2015 the international community agreed on an ambitious 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development that includes a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets. The United Nations Inter-Agency and Expert Group on Sustainable Development Goal Indicators (IAEG-SDGs) proposed in December 2015 a set of 231 global indicators that were adopted by the United Nations Statistical Commission (UNSC) in March 2016 as global SDG indicator framework and as practical starting point for monitoring progress towards the achievement of the SDGs by 2030. It was also noted that the indicators are subject to further technical refinement . **Based on the current understanding water and groundwater, well managed and in sufficient quantities and qualities will be essential for achieving many of the SDGs. This in addition to the specific SDG 6 Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all .**In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) with a generally higher water scarcity than in many other parts of the world and with larger quantities of renewable freshwater already utilized, sustainable water management has been challenging for many years. Groundwater in this region has been especially burdened with inappropriate governance, over exploitation and pollution - to name only a few challenges. How will the MENA region cope with the new goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in the current times of transition with fragile states, crisis, war, civil unrest and occupation?**Based on recent studies the presentation analyzes the current situation and derives proposals to focus on specific aspects in which groundwater can better contribute to the overarching goals for sustainable development. It will also provide guidance for improved governance of groundwater resources in the region and offer a way forward to a more just socio-economic development for the people in the MENA region.
Lebanon